Many types of skin cancer exist and each have different symptoms and various risk factors. There are some cancers that stick on certain parts of the body because of the factors that expose those areas. With those types of cancer, it is easier to determine the diagnosis so get into a doctor if you notice anything. Today you will read about some kinds of skin cancer and what symptoms happen with them.
1. Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is one the most common and treatable skin cancer types. It is not as serious as the others but should still be checked out by a doctor. About two million people have this kind of skin cancer. It is commonly found on parts of the body that get the most sun exposure. The ears, face and scalp are the first body areas that get the flat lesions on the skin. Carcinoma will be flesh colored, reddish or brown. It may look pearl-colored or waxy as well so look for these signs.
2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
The squamous cell carcinoma usually is seen on the hands, nose, ears and lips. It is also often found in body areas where the most sun exposure occurred so look in these areas often. It is a red lump that is firm so you may feel hardness over the skin. The carcinoma will be noticed on the top skin layer which could cause a bumpy lesion might become scaly or crusty as well. This cancer is two times as common for men as women and the risk is higher if the person has another kind of cancer.
3. Kaposi’s Carcinoma
With Kaposi’s sarcoma, people are dealing with a skin cancer that is rare. It generally affects people with immune systems that are compromised. It also affects those who use drugs which cause suppression of the immune system responses. This cancer is also more common in people with Mediterranean ancestry so if that is you, speak with a doctor about your risk. It goes after blood vessels first which causes the red or purple raised patches noticed on the skin or on mucous membranes too.
4. Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Another skin cancer is Merkel cell carcinoma. It has a link to exposure from the sun as well. This is very aggressive and quite uncommon. However, with this cancer, the rate of spread metastatic and chances of a fatal reaction are high. This comes up as a shiny and firm nodule over the skin. It could occur on hair follicles of the neck, head, leg or arm so it is often overlooked. Bumps with this cancer may be pink, red or blue.
5. Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma
The sebaceous gland carcinoma is aggressive and rare. This skin cancer affects the oil glands. This means it could come up on any area of the body and the eyelids are where it is most commonly found. The bumps are painless but hard. Many people confuse it with different eye disorders.
6. Actinic Keratoses
Actinic Keratoses comes up as scaly and dry patches on the skin. It generally occurs in people who are forty years old or above. This is because they have had more years of being out in the sun. If this cancer isn’t treated it progresses into squamous cell carcinoma which means it is much more serious.
The most serious skin cancer type is a melanoma. This spreads easily throughout the body and is fatal when not treated. It commonly is seen on the neck, trunk and head of men. In women, it is commonly seen on the lower legs. These are the areas of the body that are most often exposed to the sun. The spots are generally brown and large with freckles. It could be a mole that changes in size, shape and color. The mole could bleed as well. Melanoma is found in four types as seen below.
8. Superficial Spreading Melanoma
The melanoma that is found most commonly is superficial spreading melanoma. This is the one found with seventy percent of melanoma cases so be aware of that. It grows on the skin’s top layer and takes time to get into deeper skin layers. Generally, it affects people who are younger. It comes up as a patch of discolored skin with odd borders and is not symmetric. It could be black, blue, red, dark brown, brown, tan or even white. This confuses many who are going for their first session of a diagnosis. With men, it is mostly found on their trunk and in the legs of women. It is also found on upper back for men and women.
9. Lentigo Maligna
Lentigo Maligna comes up as mild but elevated or flat bumps. They are dark brown, brown or tan in color. The elderly are more commonly affected by this cancer because they have had longer sun exposure over the years. This melanoma type is partially from exposure to the sun and is found in many people who live in Hawaii. When this is diagnosed as invasive, it is called lentigo maligna melanoma.
10. Acral Lentiginous Melanoma
With acral lentiginous melanoma, it is superficially spread before going into lower layers of the skin so there is time for treatment. It looks quite different from other kinds of cancer. The color is brown or black and it under the nails or on soles of the feet. It can show up on one’s palms too so that is an area to check regularly. This type of cancer can spread quicker than lentigo maligna and superficial spreading melanoma as well. African-Americans and Asians are most affected by this cancer and it least often affects Caucasians.
11. Nodular Melanoma
With nodular melanoma, generally it is invasive by the time it gets diagnosed. It starts as red, tan, brown, white, gray, red or black. The areas it is most commonly found is the arms, legs and trunk. Many times, it isn’t diagnosed until the patch has turned into a formed bump. This melanoma is most-serious and aggressive and fifteen percent of melanoma cases are of this type.
12. Bowen’s Disease
A condition called Bowen’s Disease is a type of squamous skin cancer. Much time passes before it is invasive but when it causes penetration of lymph nodes it affects the whole immune system. This will then allow the cancer to start spreading around the body so watch for the changes. This cancer forms often as red patches or what look like warts. The Bowenoid papulosis will often be seen in genital parts with men and women. It can lead to brown spots near the mouth or on genitals.
13. Gorlin’s Syndrome
Gorlin’s syndrome or nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome affects the skin, eyes, nervous system, bones and endocrine system and can cross the entire body. Many non-cancerous and cancerous tumors might develop. This is hereditary and rare. It can lead to many basal tumors which can lead to cancer.
14. Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma
Grouped cancers included cutaneous t-cell lymphoma which can be cancer. It comes from the blood cell called t-cell lymphocyte so this should be checked. It can turn cancerous based on many factors. Men are two times more likely to get this than women. It comes on the skin as blotches that are discolored and crosses the body aggressively. Those patches might ulcerate in the stages that are more advanced so talk with a doctor about this.
15. Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans
One type of rare tumor is called dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and is considered a sarcoma. Even though it affects around one person every year it isn’t commonly seen. It is rare and begins as a bruise looking blotch. It could also look like a pimple or even a birthmark. This comes on slowly and it most often seen in people thirty years of age and older. This is most often contracted by congenital transferring so it is important to be careful. The tumor is generally benign but can become malignant.